Garden Pond Ideas
Making a waterfall.
Waterfalls in ponds are attractive to us and the birds, plus you can enjoy the relaxing flow of the water. To construct a water fall it is necessary to make a raised area, for which you can use as a base the soil previously dug out of the hole. It is also necessary to fit a pump and these come in various sizes. A good retailer will advise on the size of the pump needed for your pond and an electrician is required to undertake the electrical work safely.
There are pre formed water fall kits which makes construction easier. There are all different types and shapes; in the image left is a slate preformed waterfall which comprised of three separate pieces placed together to form the waterfall. preformed waterfalls are quite heavy and the key is to ensure the waterfall is bedded in and and level. The best way to get the waterfall level is by using sand to pack the sides and underneath, which allows fine adjustments and a spirit level to check. It takes time to level of the sides of the water fall to make the pre formed kit sit comfortably. Pre formed are good in that they create an instant water fall all in one go.
Alternatively having dug out the waterfall shape as part of the construction you can build yourself using Butyl liner, rocks and slabs, as in the image. This way you can make a waterfall out of stone local to your area so it looks natural and to the size and shape you design.
In both instances place the pipe leading to the pump first and build the water fall around it.
Making a Jetty in pond.
Having a Jetty in the pond is an attractive feature in itself. It enables you to look closely into the pond to see the wildlife in it and also access to the center of the pond for maintenance which might otherwise require you to get into the pond. The image shows a simple Jetty utilising decking and the support posts which are concreted in and lined to prevent water rot.
Getting in a pond for maintenance is more difficult than it sounds. Waders are needed and over time the bottom of the pond is covered in debris and there are plant baskets to avoid. There are pond tools which can be used to cut back plants which cannot be reached from the edge which look like large scissors on sticks but they are often heavy and not that easy to use reaching in across a pond. A jetty provides easy access.
A wildlife pond
A pond in itself will attract wildlife as water is a basic need and habitat requirement for wildlife. There are features you can incorporate into the pond to increase wildlife. In the image left there is a shallow beach area and also shallow areas around the margin of the pond. Frogspawn likes shallow water as do the emerging tadpoles.
Frogs spawn and tadpoles grow in the pond, but after this they need to get out. Ponds with steep edges are too difficult to navigate in or out. At least at one end of the pond, create a shallow beach a gently sloping area where the pond liner can be concealed by stones.
Putting a couple of larger stones in this area that the birds can hop onto is a nice feature and allows the birds to dip into the pond. A waterfall really does act as a bird shower and popular with grey wagtails.
A log pile near the pond gives shelter to creatures emerging from the pond needing a shady sanctuary.