Echinacea, common name Coneflower, is a summer flowering clump forming herbaceous perennial which is attractive to bees, butterflies and pollinators.
Easy to grow, fully hardy H6 and tolerant of all soils, acid, or alkaline. Echinacea originates from North America, where they grow in prairies and open woodland. Echinacea grows best in full sun but will tolerate a little shade. Originating from prairies, they do not need a rich soil or feeding. Plant in average soil as long as not too heavy or wet.
Their open daisy type flowers are great for pollinators and they mix well with other herbaceous perennials and grasses.
Although there are several purple and red flowering Echinacea, they also flower in bright yellow, orange, red, white and even a variety called E. Green Twister which has greenish flowers with a mauve centre.
Echinacea is easy to grow and a reliable perennial returning each year. It will grow in any soils except boggy conditions, does not need staking and looks good in a semi wild setting, in borders and even edging the veg plot, it's a very versatile perennial. It is a good idea to dead head to prolong flowering.
There is some variation in height within the E.purpurea group from 'White swan' 60cms to E.Purpurea up to 1.5m