How to Grow Sedum

Sedums, common name stone crop, are a wide-ranging genus of about 400 species with a variety of flowering colours and times. The Sedum illustrated (above right) is Ruby Glow which produces spectacular red flowers from late summer into early autumn. Sedums  vary in size from low growing species are suitable for a rock garden, (middle image) and others such as Ruby Glow and  autumn flowering species  are around the 25cms in height suitable for the front of a mixed border.

I love Sedums, they have so much going for them. Sedum look great when they are emerging fresh strong green waxy foliage, beautiful just as the buds are emerging, and when fully in flower. I leave the seed heads on over winter they look great in the Autumn and also when dusted with frost. They attract dozens of pollinators, bees and butterflies as soon as the flower heads form and they are very easy to propagate. On this page are many images of Sedum and they are one of my top ten plants. They are all very easy to grow requiring no attention once planted.

Sedums are best planted where they will enjoy good sun with soil that is not too dry. Sedums will grow in partial shade but not full shade. Sedum is a very undemanding plant and is virtually maintenance free apart from a trim back in the spring, see below. A major advantage of Sedums is that they are greatly attractive to bees, hover flies and butterflies, especially when they first start to flower and are full of nectar. It is not unusual to spot several butterflies, a mass of bees and hover flies all together on a single Sedum plant on a warm day. Sedums are known as the butterfly's friend and they really are a magnet to butterflies. A good place to plant Sedum is near a garden seat so you can spend time relaxing, watching the bees and butterflies feeding on the Sedums.

A small downside is that some of the taller Sedums,  can be a bit floppy, lax in habit with plants not standing upright and they have a tendency to spread outwards with a bald centre. This can be a problem if Sedums are grown in too much shade, or rich soil, but this can be very easily over come by pinching out the plants to make them bush or by using the Chelsea chop in late May or early June. Cut top growth by around 10cms, don't throw cuttings away  because it is easy to propagate new Sedums from these clippings, see below.  Nipping back stops the floppy growth and makes for a better behaved plant. The more modern varieties and some traditional varieties Sedum do better than others, I do not find it a problem with Ruby Glow and the RHS garden merit award varieties tend not to do this. Also the shorter varieites have a more upright in habit.  

When to cut back Sedums

It is best not to dead head the plants as they look fantastic with snow and ice on them, see images below. In the spring the new growth is easily visible at the root as in the image above left which indicates that is the time to cut the Sedum back, as in the image above right. The first image, left,  has the old stems still in place, in the second image the growth has been cut away ready for the spring.

Image of Sedum just coming into flower

sedum starting to flower

Sedums look really attractive from the very start of their flowering period. This image shows a Sedum just starting to flower. The exact timing depends very much on the summer weater, anything from the 3rd week of August onwards

Sedum with frost

Sedum frosted

Overwinter, if the flower heads are left in place, the frost looks very pretty and lives up the winter borders.

Types of Sedum to Grow

The flowers last for a long time and good varieties for the garden are those with the RHS merit award which are Sedum 'Ruby Glow' (top right image) which grows up to 25cms; 'Munstead Red' which is taller up to 60cms; and ' Herbstreude' which is of a similar height.

There are dark leaved varieties such as  Sedum telephium  with the RHS merit award(Atropurpureum Group) ' Purple Emperor' , see below.

There are also a number of low growing Sedums which are suitable for walls  and ground cover, such as Sedum lydium, image below,  which only grows to around 5cms and has a lovely autumn colour.

S.Purple Emperor'

Sedum Sedum telephium rhs_agm_logo-75x75  with the RHS merit award(Atropurpureum Group) ' Purple Emperor'

Sedum telephium  with the RHS merit award(Atropurpureum Group) ' Purple Emperor'. This has dark foilage and an upright growth.

Sedum 'Autumn Charm'

There are several Sedums with variegated foliage , this is called S.'Autumn Charm' which as the image shows, is very bright and light. 

Sedum lydium

Sedum lydiu

This is a low growing Sedum which forms a matt, with white flowers and good autumn colour.

Sedum rupestre

Sedum rupestre

Another matt forming Sedum suitable for front of a border or rock garden it will even grow out of a wall.

How to Propagate Sedums

Helpfully, Sedums are very easy to propagate and you can have as  many plants as you want for free.  Looking at the image bottom left, the three rings are drawn around three generations of Sedums rooted sequentially each year. The large Sedum plant is the original plant, to the left is a cutting the following year and the small plants the next year.  The cuttings quickly mature ready to be planted out in another part of the garden.

It is the ease of cuttings which is surprising about this plant. The two smaller plants at the front were off cuts from applying "the Chelsea Chop" in late May and the cuttings were simply just pushed into the ground from where they rooted, very easy. Once rooted and established the Sedum plants will be transferred into the border providing plenty of late colour and food for the bees and butterflies. For more information on plants attractive to bees and butterflies check out the wildlife garden 

Sedums will also root if placed in a Vase or water and produce most interesting off shoots which can be rooted up for more plants. The image below is part of a stem which was in water.