You can plant Garlic in autumn or spring but Garlic grows best when planted in the autumn. Autumn planted garden will have a period of 1-2 months of cold temperature 0-10C which helps the bulb formation producing a better yield.
However, if your planting area has clay soil, or is heavy and wet over winter, autumn planting may not be ideal as the Garlic bulbs may rot in the wet soil over winter. In which case you can either plant into containers or wait until the spring. The containers will need some protection from freezing weather, as with all container-grown plants, there is a risk the roots may freeze. Put in a cold frame or protect from the worst of the weather.
It is best to plant from certified bulbs purchased online or at the garden centre, not from saved bulbs. This ensures the plants start disease free and you can select bulbs of a good size. Also, you can buy Garlic bulbs which more suited to growing in the UK. Specific varieties of Garlic are sold as suitable either for autumn or spring planting.
Commercially, a large amount of Garlic is grown in the Isle of Wight, and it is no coincidence that this is one of the sunniest places in the UK and it has very free draining soil.
Garlic is one of the easiest veg to grow, as are onions and shallots, and all suitable for growing in containers. Once harvested, Garlic will keep for months in suitable conditions so you can enjoy home-grown garlic all the year round.
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