By October the garden is looking autumnal, but it's a busy month harvesting and storing produce, along with cutting back and tidying herbaceous plants.
The weather is capricious in October, one day it's an Indian summer and the next day frost. The north of England had its first frost in 2019 on the night of 1st/2nd October so it is easy to be caught out.
Before frosts bite bring under glass, all half hardy plants which have had a summer outing, tender herbs, Chilli plants, Pelargoniums, citrus fruits, olive trees, and any tender exotics and here are Tips on how to overwinter tender plants and save money for next year bedding.
If Autumn is mild, veg plants will continue cropping. The image left, taken in October, is of a second crop of Broad beans - how to achieve late cropping Broad beans. If you are sowing late lettuce and rocket in the veg plot, it may need protection such as a cloche to ensure it germinates. Noth Lettuce and Rocket are quite hardy and will continue growing well into late autumn and early winter. If you want to carry on growing veg, take a look at winter lettuces.
Tomatoes are slowing down in the greenhouse and depending on the weather, it may be time to cut them on the vines to ripen indoors. Check out a foolproof way to ripen tomatoes. The harvest in the veg plot is winding down as far as tender Summer vegetables are concerned. If it stays warm there may be a late crop of beans which will continue cropping at a slow rate until frost.
Main crop Carrots can be lifted if needed, or left where they can remain all winter. The only exception is if your ground is very wet and heavy if the winter is wet the carrots may rot in which case it's best to lift them and store. After digging up cut off the top foliage and store in cool dark dry place, such as a garage and check regularly to make sure that a bad carrot is not infesting the rest.