Best Shrubs for Garden Hedges

On this page are ideas and images to create garden hedges. The focus of the shrubs selected is to the benefit wildlife and for their health benefits in attempting to combat the effects of pollution. In the images above the shrubs all look nice, but only is good for bees and pollution absorption;  the centre image namely Cotoneaster. Below are a half dozen plus shrubs which are rated either as wildlife friendly, or to trap pollutants and some for both.

We are aware of the adverse effects of car pollution on health. If you are living near a main road, or a road which has become busier and car pollution concerns you, there are steps you can take to ameliorate the effects. We have long known the benefit of trees and know scientists have discovered that hedges can be used to help improve air quality alongside urban roads.

Trees do absorb pollutants, but hedges are physically lower growing as they do at car and traffic level. Research by the University of Sussex and from the RHS, has also determined which hedges are best at absorbing pollutants. Certain shrubs, predominantly those with larger leaves, rough or hairy leaves trap the most pollutants. Ideally to be most effective the hedge needs to be 1.5-2m high and a density of 1m.

Recommended shrubs to plant for the purpose of absorbing pollutants by creating a green barrier  include : Cotoneaster, Hawthorn, Cupressus macrocarpa, Elaeagnus x ebbingei, Common Beech, English Yew, and Viburnum Tinus. These are both evergreen and deciduous shrubs and would make an attractive mixed hedge or a simple line of Common Beech, (Fagus sylvatica) can look very stylish and help to soak up pollutants. There are more illustrated below.

Mix and match the shrubs below to make a varied and interesting hedge which is colourful, interesting to the birds and will help clean up the air around your home.

Hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna,

Hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna,

Our native Hawthorn is a great choice for a hedge or mixed shrub area. It is listed as effective particulate screening and also much loved by birds, especially blackbirds, redwings, fieldfares  chaffinches starlings and greenfinehces  .

Elaeagnus × ebbingei

Elaeagnus × ebbingei

This is an evergreen tough grow anywhere shrub. The dense, large somewhat rough leaves are pollutant trappers.  It's not the most exciting of hedges, but very functional it will grow in sun and partial shade, is very hardy and will tolerate salt laden air.

Fagus sylvatica  common Beech

Common beech

Called the Common Beech, Fagus sylvatica but there is nothing common about it. The vivid new spring growth is lush in the summer, and the autumn colour excellent holding brown leaves all winter. Birds love the cover and frequently nest in it/

 Taxus baccata  English yew

English yew

English Yew a traditional hedging plant of many a stately home (this is Blenheim Palace) was found in the RHS research to help ward off pollution.

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster

A great wildlife shrub which also helps to trap and fend of pollution Cotoneaster is a tough grow anywhere shrub. It has many white flowers in spring which are attractive to bees followed by berries which the blackbirds strip off in the autumn.

Rosa Rugosa

Rosa Rugosa

A tough easy to grow  rose it produces lots of brightly coloured hips in the autumn. These provide food for Blackbirds, Mistle Thrushes and Fieldfares.

Viburnum tinus

Viburnum tinus

Another shrub recommended in the RHS research to help deal with pollution is Viburnum tinus. This is an easy to grow, tough, evergreen shrub which has attractive flowers in late winter/early spring.

Berberris

Berberis

The RSPB also recommend Berberis which is a spring flowering evergreen shrub with thorny branches loved by birds for berries and safe nesting. This illustrated is Berberis darwinii.

It makes a colourful hedge and the thorns provide security against unwelcome visitors.

Hedera helix

Common Ivy

Saved the best for last. The common Ivy Hedera helix when it matures is one of the best wildlife hosts in the garden.  It flowers in late autumn and winter providing nectar for many insects ahead of hibernation and it provides shelter. The woodland trust lists all its many properties and the University of London rate its air cleaning qualities.

last updated 26.01.2020